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There are 27 questions tagged under Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior.

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1 Go

Q:

In a 1959 experiment, monkeys were separated from their mothers at birth. Some of the monkey received feedings from a wire monkey holding a bottle. The other monkeys also had wire monkey holding a bottle, but it was covered with warm terry cloth. The monkeys with a wire mother only approached it when hungry. The monkeys with the terry cloth mother clung to it while eating and ran to it when frightened or stressed. Moreover, the monkeys with the terry cloth mother were more likely to thrive. Which aspect of emotional development does this study support?

A

Freud's theory psychoanalytic theory and emphasis on the importance of nursing and weaning

B

Erikson's trust vs. mistrust theory

C

Lifespan Development theory

D

Cognitive Dissonance Theory

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

2 Go

Q:

Which of the following would represent the best example of deviance?

A

A teenage girl getting her ears pierced without her parents' permission.

B

A boy smoking marijuana because his friends are pressuring him to do so.

C

A man takes three wives.

D

None of the above behaviors can accurately be defined as "deviant".

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

3 Go

Q:

Students in class are divided into two groups the first group listens to a talk on American Indian culture and the second group listens to a talk on Eskimo culture. At the end of the class both groups are shown an ambiguous image "An Eskimo or a Red Indian?". Most students from the first group describe the picture as an Indian and most students from the second group - as an Eskimo. What does this experiment demonstrate?

A

Perception is dependent entirely on the stimuli.

B

Perception is dependent upon good gestalt.

C

Recent experience and attitudes affect perception.

D

Perception is dependent upon continuity and closure.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

4 Go

Q:

Which of the following activities are most prone to the effects of social loafing?

A

Tennis

B

Dodgeball

C

Tug of War

D

Bowling

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

5 Go

Q:

A psychologist is asked to conduct workshop among high level multinational company employees on working together as a team and how it affects performance and decision making. Which of the following is the best goal of the workshop?

A

Increasing social skills and teaching conflict resolution skills among members.

B

Teaching stress management techniques.

C

Teach importance of self in the team.

D

Teaching leisure-based skills.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

6 Go

Q:

Consider the following scenario: Patrick was given an assignment and a seven person group to work with on the assignment. When discussing the project with his group, Patrick felt that anything he contributed would not matter. So, Patrick did not put in much effort on the project. Which of the following statements can be applied to the described scenario?

I. Social Facilitation
II. Deindividuation
III. Social Loafing

A

I only

B

II only

C

I and II only

D

II and III only

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

7 Go

Q:

Which of the following social behaviors concepts seeks a consensus of opinion or group conformity that takes a very limited view?

A

groupthink

B

mob mentality

C

conformity

D

deviance

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

8 Go

Q:

An American child is adopted in infancy and raised in China. The American culture places a focus on individualism, while China is a more collectivist culture. The child grows up and faces a difficult decision. The child must choose either to go to the college that he wishes to attend or the college that will have the least impact on the family's finances. Of the following decisions would the child be expected to make?

A

The Inexpensive College, cultural norms are learned through socialization

B

The Inexpensive College, cultural norms are passed on genetically

C

The Dream College, cultural norms are learned through socialization

D

The Dream College, cultural norms are passed on genetically

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

9 Go

Q:

When an emergency situation occurs, observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses. This is because each individual believes someone else will take a leadership role or will take action. What is the name of this phenomenon?

A

Observer Bias

B

Projection

C

Bystander Effect

D

Observer effect

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

10 Go

Q:

Which of the following is an example that showcases group polarization?

A

Groups members following through on commitments to other group members

B

Following group discussions, the dominant point of view is strengthened into a more extreme version (positive or negative) of that point of view

C

During group discussions, the group emphasizes consensus at the expense of critical thinking and/or decision making

D

A small fraction of group members shifting the dominant view (held by the rest of the group) to their point of view

Tags: Social Thinking & Interactions | Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

11 Go

Q:

In a discussion in his introductory sociology class, James is surprised to hear himself arguing for a more extreme position on marriage equality than he normally does. According to social psychology, what can this be described as?

A

Groupthink

B

Social loafing

C

Group polarization

D

Deindividuation

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

12 Go

Q:

A byproduct of group membership can mean individuals feeling anonymous or unidentifiable. For example, in military operations, soldiers who kill innocent bystanders argue they were following orders, and moreover, that they were going along with the actions of a group. What is the term for this process of anonymity in a group?

A

Social facilitation

B

Social impairment

C

Deindividuation

D

Group polarization

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

13 Go

Q:

James sees a movie one night and enjoys it. After watching it, he immediately thinks that out of his friend group, his close friend Alan would feel the same way. Without knowing if Alan has even seen the movie, which of the following best describes this scenario?

A

Stereotyping

B

Observer bias

C

Group polarization

D

Perceived similarity

Tags: Personality | Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

14 Go

Q:

Which of the following best applies to countercultures and their importance to society?

A

Countercultures always stem from the rejection of older values and norms

B

Countercultures can cause social institutions to adapt

C

Countercultures always have political motives to bring about change

D

Countercultures reveal the aspirations of a specific population within society

Tags: Social Structures | Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

15 Go

Q:

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a well-constructed case study?

A

Case studies are useful for studying events that occur infrequently

B

Case studies can provide useful evidence to support or challenge psychological theories

C

A case study is best used when presented with an unusual or particularly revealing set of circumstances

D

A case study does not use random sampling during the selection of the subject for the case study

Tags: Quantitative Skills | Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

16 Go

Q:

In social identity theories, which of the following is the best description of role-learning?

A

Individuals create and negotiate roles through the interactions they have with others

B

Individuals internalize and take on social roles from pre-existing frameworks

C

Social roles are fluid, not fixed and stable

D

Roles are meant to be learned in order to suppress unconscious motivations

Tags: Social Thinking & Interactions | Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

17 Go

Q:

Which of the following is an example of group polarization?

A

On the eve of a large group project being due, Eric does not submit his portion of the team project to the rest of his teammates until the last minute.

B

During a campus protest, a small group of administrators arrive to explain the school's position to the students. Afterwards, the students are more strongly unified in their position against the school.

C

After deliberation, a jury finds themselves split on their decision despite being closer to a consensus prior to the deliberation.

D

During a team discussion, Sarah takes the role of team leader and tries to persuade the group into a consensus for the sake of everyone's time.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior | Social Thinking & Interactions |

18 Go

Q:

Individual assimilation is most directly the opposite of which type of deviance?

A

innovation

B

ritualism

C

retreatism

D

rebellion

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

19 Go

Q:

A teenager becomes moody while entering puberty and over a few-month period begins to change their dress and attitude toward peers. This change accelerates until the teenager has shifted social circles entirely and associates with drug users. How would symbolic interactionism describe the reasons for the changes the teenager is experiencing?

A

The teenager has fixated on the latency stage of development.

B

The teenager always had those central traits and they are becoming more expressed over time.

C

The teenager begins to perceive they are seen differently by their peers and authority figures. The teenager changes behavior accordingly, which begins a self-reinforcing cycle of adjusting behavior and self-perception accordingly.

D

The teenager's incentives to rebel against authority and peers and associate with drug users are driven by increased drug use and the reduced drive to associate with individuals who lack access to drugs.

Tags: Personality | Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

20 Go

Q:

Upon encountering an emergency situation that at first appears ambiguous, most people will look to the environment and other people to help understand what is happening. In cases where there are several other people that do not react to the emergency, we are less likely to help. What best explains this phenomenon?

A

People are more lazy the larger the group size.

B

If we perceive others as being lazy then we are less likely to help.

C

Society makes us feel pressure to do as others do.

D

The presence of more people makes us feel that someone else will act so we don't need to ourselves.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

21 Go

Q:

In the office place, Ken has been contributing less towards a project because Karen has been working very aggressively and diligently, such that Ken does not feel that he needs to work as hard as Karen will 'pick up the slack.' This process is called:

A

social facilitation.

B

bystander effect.

C

social loafing.

D

peer pressure.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

22 Go

Q:

A soldier in the military carries out an order that a more senior officer provided despite not internally believing that this was the right moral action. This serves as an example of:

A

obedience.

B

conformity.

C

socialization.

D

groupthink.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

23 Go

Q:

Decreasing one's effort given the efforts of others can be referred to as:

A

social facilitation.

B

deindividualization.

C

discrimination.

D

social loafing.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

24 Go

Q:

Obedience is distinct from conformity in that it involves:

A

large numbers of individuals.

B

negative perceptions.

C

idealistic principles.

D

authoritative figures.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

25 Go

Q:

Role-playing, as it relates to behavior change:

A

results in behavior change through punishments and rewards.

B

does not typically result in changes in attitudes.

C

exhibits an example where attitudes affect behaviors.

D

can have long-lasting implications in terms of self-concept and identity.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

26 Go

Q:

Imitation by children of their surroundings is a critical component of:

A

socialization.

B

out-group development.

C

self efficacy.

D

development of a locus of control.

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior | Social Thinking & Interactions |

27 Go

Q:

Which of the following is most closely an example of belief perseverance?

A

believing the linkage between vaccination and autism after being presented opposing data

B

maintaining religious faith following a natural disaster

C

strengthening a particular viewpoint when in a room with individuals with a similar viewpoint

D

changing an opinion based on new knowledge of the majority opinion

Tags: Social Processes Affecting Human Behavior |

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