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There are 11 questions tagged under Biological Bases of Behavior.

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1 Go

Q:

In fruit flies with the curly wing mutation, the wings will be straight if the flies are kept at 16 degrees Celsius. The most probable explanation for this is that

A

fruit flies with curly wings cannot survive at high temperatures

B

the environment influences wing phenotype in these fruit flies

C

high temperatures increases the rate of mutations

D

wing length in these fruit flies is directly proportional to temperature

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

2 Go

Q:

Freud's theory described personality from a psychoanalytic perspective. All of the following are valid limitations to Freud's theory except:

A

His theory does not consider culture and how that relates to human behavior and personality.

B

His theory lacked empirical data.

C

His theory did not include environmental factors and how they impacted the individual.

D

His theory only explained the consequences of fixation up until puberty.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior | Personality |

3 Go

Q:

A compound that stimulates the production of dopamine when ingested is likely to cause:

A

addiction

B

memory loss

C

emotional suppression

D

attention dysfunction

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

4 Go

Q:

The primary difference between positive punishment and escape reinforcement is:

A

Positive punishment is the addition of a noxious stimulus while escape reinforcement is the active avoidance of a noxious stimulus.

B

Positive punishment is the removal of a noxious stimulus while escape reinforcement is the addition of a noxious stimulus.

C

Positive punishment is the addition of a noxious stimulus while escape reinforcement is the removal of a noxious stimulus.

D

Positive punishment is the removal of a noxious stimulus while escape reinforcement is the addition of positive stimulus.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

5 Go

Q:

A patient unfortunately suffers a stroke and a neurologist is completing a thorough evaluation. The patient is found to speak in short, terse sentences, however appears to respond appropriately and has appropriate comprehension. Which of the following areas in the brain are likely affected?

A

Broca's area

B

Wernicke's area

C

Both Broca's area and Wernicke's area

D

A region of the brain other than Broca's area and Wernicke's area

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

6 Go

Q:

Mirror neurons are hypothesized to be responsible for:

A

human's ability to recognize themselves among a large group of faces.

B

allowing for the full expression of emotion in humans.

C

the biological underpinning for classical conditioning.

D

allowing humans to learn and understand the actions of others.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

7 Go

Q:

The James-Lange theory of emotion states that:

A

physiologic response to an emotional event depends on prior emotions had with that event.

B

physiologic and emotional responses to events are independent.

C

individuals learn emotional states from observing the experiences of others.

D

emotion relies on interpretation of physiologic response.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

8 Go

Q:

Which of the following is NOT considered a universal emotion?

A

discomfort

B

fear

C

joy

D

sadness

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

9 Go

Q:

A study is performed on various reinforcement schedules and it discovers that a fixed interval schedule conditions a response faster than all other schedules. From this data, it can be extrapolated that:

A

rewards given after fixed numbers of responses do not result in any conditioning.

B

rewards given after a specific amount of time has elapsed is more rapid at conditioning a response than rewards given at random times.

C

if the animal is unable to predict the number of responses required for a reward, the conditioning is expedited.

D

extinction will take place at a similar pace for all reinforcement schedules.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

10 Go

Q:

A study is performed to evaluate for in utero effects of maternal medications with respect to intelligence of the offspring. It is found that certain medications have very strong adverse outcomes with respect to offspring intelligence. This suggests that:

A

hereditary influences can contribute largely to intelligence.

B

environmental influences can contribute largely to intelligence.

C

hereditary influences are unrelated to intelligence.

D

environmental influences are unrelated to intelligence.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

11 Go

Q:

Several studies were performed in the 1980s evaluating the intelligence of various individuals based on adoption status. Individuals who were adopted were found to have intelligence quotient scores strongly aligned with their biologic parents and weakly aligned with their adoptive parents. This suggests:

A

that genetics supersede environment for intelligence traits.

B

the development of intelligence is initially heavily reliant on biological factors however environmental factors grow to become more important over time.

C

the equal interplay of environmental and genetic factors in intelligence.

D

genetics are minimally responsible for the development of intelligence.

Tags: Biological Bases of Behavior |

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